Economics of Fisheries discusses how to create a better working environment by analyzing the actual labor conditions in the fisheries industry and also aims to make the industry sustainable.
We hope to contribute to the development of sustainable fishery production in competitive waters by understanding the actual conditions of fishing vessels' operations in the waters around Japan.
The United Nations has designated the decade starting in 2021 as the "Decade of Ocean Science," with the aim of contributing to SDGs. Ocean science, as defined by the UN, includes the field of fisheries.
Research on the affinity between fisheries and “national policy” in modern history (research on modern industrial history)
In modern history, the
development route of fisheries has been elucidated in relation to the
government’s industrial development policy as well as the policy of increasing
national prosperity and military power. ⇒ The honeymoon relationship between modern Japanese fishery
education and the pelagic fisheryhas taken root in parallel
with the aim of modernization and capitalization of the fisheries led by the nation
andthe strengthening of Japan’s national power and territory
expansion. Therefore, the activities of fishery educationand the will of the nation were shown to be inseparable.
The analysis in relation to
the government’s industrial development policyand
War revealed that the structural characteristics imprinted on Japanese fishery
education lie in “Pelagic Fishery
Education,” which trained human resources required by the national policy
aiming to expand the post-Russo‐Japanese War territory and fishery
interests, based on the vocational qualification system created by “the Law for
the Promotion of Pelagic Fisheries.”
The photos show the Japanese fishing boats competing with
foreign fishing boats in the middle of the Meiji era and the fur of fur seals
on a deck.
Research on the affinity between fisheries and “national policy” (base/territorial issues and fisheries)
In modern history, we work on clarifying
the base issuesthat accompany the reclamation of the sea surface, as well as the
East China Sea Issue (Senkaku Islands dispute) and the South China Sea Issue (power
struggle of the sea). We focus on the relationship between national security
policy and fisheries. ⇒ In the
former, the position of industry and people in the modern nation is clarified
by focusing on the theme that concentrates the national policy of the base
problems the most and allows us to understand the will of the nation.In the latter, the history and the present state of Japan’s
pelagic fishery in an international environment are comprehensively examined by
analyzing the fishery from the three perspectives of sovereignty, national
power, and law.
It was pointed out that fisheries in the waters around the borderhave been involved in repeated conflicts andpower struggles of the sea, even though “the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea” and a binational fishery arrangement were signed.
Furthermore, although Japan must take a hard line on territorial issues, it also has to prioritize maintaining international relations. Thus, it was pointed out that unfavorable concessions continue in fishery diplomacy.
Survey on the actual situation at the forefront of “borders”
on the interrelation between the East China Sea and the South China Sea－
Fishing villagein Zhejiang Province, China. Real estate investment is active and the buildings are
Manado in Indonesia. Approximately
90% of the local economy, including the underground economy, is thought to be occupied
by overseas Chinese.
Overseas Chinese have also advanced to important positions in local governments
(such as judges). Indonesians are also employed byoverseas
Chinese in fisheries.
Many people have found a way out as technical interns in the Japanese fishing
boat fishery, which is the course of their social success in life.
Research on sustainable development of fisheries and the marine product processing industry
Human resources(labor force) andmanagement, processing, and
distributionare focused on as essential elements for sustainable
Human resources (labor force)
is focused on due to the background of a sharp decline in fishery workers and the
reality of an“extreme population aging” situation.
Because the marine product processing industryoften
exists in remote locations away from urban areas, securing young Japanese
people has been a challenge.
As a result, dependence on foreign laborhas progressed deeply and steadily at an “irreparable” level.
Uncertainty in the sustainable
development of both the fishery and marine product processing industry is
This research aims to grasp
the changes in the industry that continue to deliver seafood to our table. Thus,
by focusing on the Japanese fishery, which is in danger of the“loss of human resources,”it
aims to analyze the current situation of industrial sites and elucidate the
wide range of labor problems involved. Specifically, we focused on the
Indonesian fishing sailors who work on Japanese fishing boats. We defined them
as“diasporaon board” and studied
the people in “this group,” whose existence and the type of work
they do for whom have been kept away from the public’s eyes. This research began
by setting the unknown reality at the root of the problems the Japanese fishery
The results of the analysis
have depicted that the technical intern training system in the fishing-boat
fishery strives to improve living conditions by working on a foreign fishing
boat, sucks up young Indonesians who entrusted their dreams to fishery
educationinstitutions, and encourages them to work onboard Japanese fishing
boats 〔“Changes in industrial structure and foreign workers”〕.
In addition, it is immeasurable for those who decide to spend their lives in the fisheryto continue to share time, space, and danger on a narrow ship on
the rough seas, where they may lose their lives. Thus, it was noted that they
are becoming more irreplaceable as they build a high degree of expertise.
However, it was pointed out at
the same time that continuing to rely on “diaspora on board” requires a public
debate and recognition that it isa problem that is directly
linked to national food security policy.